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Victorian Carpenter Gothic c. 1860—c. 1890

If a line of demarcation could be precisely drawn between contrived styles and vernacular architecture, Victorian Carpenter Gothic would have to be located close to that line. Because of its affinity with the vernacular, this style flows on virtually unchanged into FEDERATION CARPENTER GOTHIC. In this book, VICTORIAN RUSTIC GOTHIC iS defined as an almost exclusively residential style, while its close relative, Carpenter Gothic, is seen as a style used for churches of modest size when economy of expenditure and simplicity of construction were important. It is, as the name suggests, an idiom which made great use of timber, demostrating how the tradesman used, connected, expressed and embellished the various timber components of the building. Such embellishment as there was usually drew on shapes and patterns reminiscent of the contrived VICTORIAN ACADEMIC GOTHIC and VICTORIAN FREE GOTHIC styles. Models for at least some Victorian Carpenter Gothic designs were provided by the Ecclesiological Society in England, which encouraged the development of timber church architecture in the South Pacific region.
The archetypal Carpenter Gothic building is a small, box-like church with a steeply pitched gabled roof of corrugated iron, standing in isolation beside a dirt road on the outskirts of a country town. The stud framing of the walls, complete with bracing and noggings, is exposed on the exterior of the building, the boarded lining being fixed to the inside face of the frame. Apart from a minuscule tower or belfry, the only non-functional decoration is found on the elaborately scalloped and pierced bargeboards, where this unpretentious timber version of Gothic acquires a surprising delicacy.
Quite often such buildings effortlessly achieved a genuinely architectural quality not always attained by more pretentious structures.
  Quoted from:
"A Pictorial Guide to Identifying Austrlian Architecture; Styles and Terms from 1788 to the Present"
Angus & Robertson Sydney 1995 ISBN 0207 18562 X
Copyright © 1989 by Richard Apperly, Robert Irving and Peter Reynolds.
  The Uniting Church at Narooma, New South Wales built 1914; Federation Carpenter Gothic architectural style
  The parsonage associated with Narooma's Uniting Church