|Small House Surry Hills||Dominion Apartments, Darlinghurst||EastExchange, Darlinghurst|
|Luxe Apartments, Woolloomooloo||Boston University Student Housing, Chippendale||5-9 Roslyn Gardens, Kings Cross|
|Surry Hills Library and Community Centre, Surry Hills||Cleveland House, Surry Hills||Paddington Reservoir Gardens|
|01 Tusculum||02 Elizabeth Bay House||03 Vaucluse House|
|26 Stables, Vaucluse House||05 St. Mark’s Church||06 Wylie’s Sea Baths|
|07 Bourke Street Public School||08 Wyldefel Gardens||09 Wylde Street Apartments|
|13 Schuchard House|
|10 Auswild House||14 Henwood House||12 Lyons House|
|Tyree Energy Technologies Building, UNSW||11 Wentworth Memorial Church||15 Sydney Football Stadium|
|16 Moore Park Gardens||17 Horizon Apartments||18 Altair Apartments|
|19 Darlinghurst Courthouse||23 Church of St. Mary Immaculate and St. Charles Borromeo, Waverly||21 Darlinghurst Fire Station|
|22 semi-detached houses Kensington||20 Ranger’s cottage, Centennial Park||24 Greycliffe House, Vaucluse|
|25 Carthona, Darling Point||04 Victoria Barracks||27 Lindesay, Darling Point.|
|35 Federation Pavilion||32 Macquarie Lighthouse||36 Metro Cinema, Kings Cross|
|34 Centennial Park||31 The Swifts, Darling Point.||33 Berlei House|
|37 The Albury||38 The Rose, Shamrock and Thistle||39 The Burdekin|
|40 The Piccadilly||41 The Unicorn||42 Kellet Street and area|
|43 East Sydney Tech||44 Bronte House||45 Paddington Post Office|
|46 Paddington Town Hall||47 Bentley Bar||48 William Street Offices|
|Some very fine Art Deco apartment buildings in Sydney's cosmopolitan inner east;|
|49 Mont Clair - 347 Liverpool Street||50 The Rutland - 381 Liverpool Street||60 Paramount Building|
|52 Royal Court - 227 Crown Street||53 Belgenny - 389 Bourke Street||51 Claridge - 28-30 Flinders Street|
|54 Wychbury - 5 Manning Street||55 4 Macleay Street||56 Macleay Regis - 12 Macleay Street|
|57 Gowrie Gate - 115 Macleay Street||58 Cahors - 117Macleay Street||59 Kanimbla Hall - 19-19a Tusculum Street|
|64 The Oxley - 12 Ward Avenue||61 Trent Bridge - 17 St Neot Avenue||62 Park View - 7 St Neot Avenue|
|63 Marlborough Hall - 4 Ward Avenue||65 17 Elizabeth Bay Road|
|66 Adereham Hall - 71 Elizabeth Bay Road||67 Tahoe - 67 Roslyn Street||68 The Wroxton - 22 Roslyn Gardens|
|69 Winston - 2a Ithaca Road||70 Chatsbury - 6 Ithaca Road||75 3 Onslow Place|
|72 Caversham Court - 23 Billyard Avenue||73 Huntingdon - 8 Onslow Avenue||74 Eltham - 18 Onslow Avenue|
|76 Pembroke Hall - Onslow Place||77 Tara - 3 Greenknowe Avenue|
|78 7 Greenknowe Avenue||79 Cherwood - 3 Barncleuth Square||80 Birtley Towers - 8 Birtley Place|
|71 Billyard House - 21b Billyard Avenue|
Situated close to McKell Park, Craigend is a mansion constructed in the Moorish and Art Deco styles in 1935 including a pair of doors from an ancient mosque in Zanzibar and a traditional Japanese garden. In 1948, the property was acquired by the United States Government as the official residence of the Consul General. It has since returned to the private sector. In 1975 it served as the villain's lair in the Hong Kong/Australian co-produced movie The Man from Hong Kong.
click to enlarge map
|Some Paddington pictures (described in 1935 as the "worst white slum in the British Empire"...)|
Paddington, New South Wales
Paddington is a bustling, cosmopolitan suburb in the Eastern Suburbs of Sydney, Australia. It is one of the most historically rich, culturally vibrant and recognisable suburbs in the city of Sydney. The suburb is located roughly 3km from the central business district, lying on the arterial route of Oxford Street, Sydney. The suburb is famous today for its plethora of boutique and chain fashion stores, as well as many good cafés and fine restaurants which line the roads. The suburb is also well known for its beautiful Victorian terrace houses, which although were slums for much of the post-WWII period, are now a highly sought-after commodity.
Geography and demography
The suburb of Paddington is located approximately 3km east from Sydney city's centre. The suburb is located primarily on the northern slope down of a ridgeline, the top of which Oxford Street now runs along. The suburb is characterised by a mesmerising and often bewildering array of interconnecting streets and laneways, some too narrow for many of today's cars. These streets contrast to some other much wider avenues, such as Paddington Street or Windsor Street. Paddington is bordered to the West by Darlinghurst, the East by Centennial Park and Woollahra, the North by Edgecliff and Kings Cross and the South by Moore Park. Paddington is also a part of the Municipality of Woollahra Local Government Area and of the City of Sydney LGA. The population of Paddington, as of the 2001 census, was 11, 817 people (ABS, 2001). The area has a high level of foreign ancestry, with only 25% of people in the 2001 census identifying that their parents were born in Australia. In contrast, 67% had parents who were born in North-West European nations, such as England and Ireland. 70% of people in the suburb live in the typical Victorian terrace house, with the majority of the rest living in apartments. The suburb is a high-wealth area, with 40% of families indicating they earned more than $2000 per week.
In the early 1820s, entrepreneur, ex-convict and gin distiller Robert Cooper set to build a grand Georgian estate at the top of Paddington's ridgeline, affording him excellent views of the area. Robert Cooper gave a name to the area he set his home in, choosing to name the suburb after a borough in London, also called Paddington. He named the estate Juniper Hall, and it is to this day Paddington's oldest home. Paddington's first cottages were built around the still-standing Victoria Barracks, which was at the time a major army base. In the latter part of the 19th Century, many terrace houses were constructed to house the city's burgeoning working population, and an emerging middle-class. Over time, these houses filled up almost every parcel of land in the suburb, eventually causing the suburb to become an overpopulated slum. The unfashionable nature of the suburb continued until the mid-1960s, when gentrification took hold. It was in this time that suburb's affinity with the homosexual population of Sydney began to become more plain, as its inner-city location (and proximity to Darlinghurst and Kings Cross and trendy vibe proved attractive for a niche group in Australia. The suburb is now a fine example of unplanned restoration and renewal, with its favourable location and heritage charm pushing real-estate prices ever higher. The old boot-repair and linen shops have given way to designer fashion outlets and gourmet food. The suburb also features, since 1973, a thriving bohemian market which takes place every Saturday in Paddington Public School.
Aboriginal history and culture
The city of Sydney is home to more rock engraving sites than any other city in Australia. It was an area which had been occupied by many distinct Aboriginal language groups for thousands of years. The suburb of Paddington was, and still is, considered to be part of the land associated with the stories and rituals of the Cadigal people. These people belonged to the Dharug (or Eora) language group, and were also the traditional owners of what is now the Sydney central business district. It is known that the ridge upon which Oxford Street was built was also a walking track used by Australian Aborigines. Much of the Aboriginal population of Sydney was decimated by the smallpox outbreak of 1789, only one year after the First Fleet arrived in Sydney (City of Sydney, 2005). Settlers' records from the time indicate that only three Aborigines belonging to the Cadigal tribe were left after this outbreak, however some anthropologists maintain that the tribe dispersed into other areas of the shared Eora language group. History for Aborigines living in Paddington is hard to find, but it is known that at the time when Robert Cooper began to build the first house in Paddington, there were approximately 200 Koori people living in Woolloomooloo in huts which Governor Macquarie had built for them to reside in. Presumably many of these people continued to use the land which was rightfully theirs.
Paddington has never been a suburb with a dense indigenous population. In the 1930s when parts of Sydney such as Redfern and Glebe became hubs for Aborigines entering the labour force, Paddington continued to be a white-man's working suburb. Along with the principles of terra nullius adopted elsewhere in Australia, as soon as the British colonisers arrived in Sydney, they declared the land to be empty, and therefore were able to claim it as their own. Recent history has shown us that this was certainly not the case, and events such as the Mabo Decision, the advent of native title and the Wik decision have helped to give back some of the land that Aboriginal people were dispossessed of. Unsurprisingly, little of this has been in the Sydney area. Currently in Paddington, only 41 people, or 0.3% of the local population, are from Aboriginal (or Torres Strait Islander) descent. The land is so heavily excavated and densely built-upon that there is no land available for claim, and with the fragmentation and distanciation of the Cadigal people from their land, it would be almost impossible to prove a consistent community bond throughout the years of colonisation.
As well as being the location for the last three landmarks, Oxford Street deserves a mention as being a landmark in its own right. The street was originally used as an Aboriginal walking track, then as a toll route to South Head, and has had various incarnations as a shopping strip. Once serving the needs of the local residents, Paddington's Oxford Street has changed to now serve the fashion needs of a discerning middle and upper-class population, as well as a focal point for the tourist industry. Most visitors to Paddington come solely for the experience of shopping on Oxford Street.
Australian War Memorial (2005) Australian Military Units: Victoria Barracks (Sydney), website 
Barani, City of Sydney (2005) Aboriginal People and Place